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What is Structural Steel?

Structural steel or Steel has several applications in today’s society, but the one most closely linked with it is building. It is one of the most important building materials, chosen for a variety of reasons, the most important of which are its adaptability, low production costs, great strength, durability, and availability.

Structural steel is divided into shapes, each having its own set of compositional properties that are governed by regulations that vary by country. Connect to the specialists at Prime Gold, if you need a steel supplier or just some professional assistance.

Benefits of Structural Steel

Steel is one of the most structurally sound materials used in the building because of its ability to mould and bend it into various shaped portions. Steel’s mechanical qualities are determined by a variety of factors, including its chemical composition, manufacturing method, and heat treatment. The inclusion of various alloys, such as manganese and niobium, can significantly boost the strength of steel, which is the main component of building steel. While these components may strengthen steel in the long run, they can also affect other qualities such as ductility and weldability.

Structural steel is the most cost-effective alternative in most construction projects. Steel manufacturing productivity has increased significantly in the last 30 years as a result of technological developments. Steel requires substantially less time to make a single tonne, making it a much more cost-effective basic material. Steel fabrication and detailing methods have improved, resulting in structural steel becoming significantly less expensive.

Although it may not appear so, structural steel is one of the most environmentally friendly building and construction materials available. Steel is a commonly recycled commodity, with recycled steel accounting for over 90% of structural steel. Steel is 100 percent recyclable, with just minor degradation impacting its reusability, and it may be done with very little processing. Steel’s carbon footprint has also drastically decreased in the last decade — by nearly half. Steel production has also cut its energy use dramatically over the last 30 years and continues to do so. Steel is made with only a small amount of water.

Steel is a non-combustible substance by nature. Steel, on the other hand, loses its integrity when heated sufficiently. ‘Critical temperature’ refers to the temperature at which a structural steel segment can no longer hold its load. Steel’s fire resistance is typically determined by its capacity to withstand a ‘fire test,’ which is a highly regulated process that takes place in a licenced furnace and is carefully analysed according to specific requirements that vary by nation.

  • Architects and designers may now express themselves more freely and creatively thanks to steel’s adaptability, without losing any functional requirements.

 

Steel has become more prominent in the aesthetic composition of a building, rather than only the structural makeup, in modern uses. Steel, unlike wood and concrete, may be fashioned, bent, and moulded in a variety of ways. The usage of structural steel will substantially help non-linear designs. Steel is also highly attractive, and many architects are increasingly exposing it, preferring it for its contemporary appearance, aesthetic compatibility with concrete and glass, and general transparency.

Different Types of Structural Steels

Steel has proven to be advantageous while considering the rate of magnificent buildings. Steel is becoming more widely used in the construction sector, and there is little question that it will eventually take over the whole construction area. 

We’ll look at the many forms of structural steel and how they’re used in construction.

These channelled beams have a U-shaped design with right-angled corners, comparable to a staple. They are available in a variety of sizes, but the two sides are always the same length and parallel to each other. They also have a high strength-to-weight ratio and can be used in the same way that angled sections can.

Taper flange beams are available in an I-shaped design and a wide range of sizes. These are frequently used as girder cross-sections in construction. They have a high resistance ratio, but they are not torsion (twisting) resistant, hence they are not advised when pressure is exerted along the length.

Universal beams, also known as I-beams or H-beams, are shaped like a ‘I’ while standing upright and a ‘H’ when viewed from the side. Universal beams are typically built of structural steel and are utilised in a variety of industries, including construction and civil engineering.

Universal beams are also widely utilized in the construction industry. They’re similar to beams and are sometimes called I-beams or H-beams, but all three parts are the same length. They are mostly used for columns, as their name implies, and have excellent load-bearing capacities.

Circular Hollow Sections are hollow tubular cross-sections with a significantly higher torsion resistance than tapered flange beams. The density of the walls is consistent around the circle, making these beams ideal for multi-axis loading procedures.

These structural steels are similar to circular hollow sections, but their cross-sections are rectangular. They are widely used in a variety of mechanical and structural steel applications. Their flat surfaces make them ideal for metal manufacturing and joining.

Because they must be linked to another section, they are arguably the most versatile sort of steel section. They can be joined to another part as a strengthening tool in some instances. The term ‘plates’ is also used to describe them.

These are utilized in smaller applications like columns or posts, just like their hollow section counterparts (except with square cross-sections). They are not appropriate for beams, however, because their forms are naturally difficult to bolt into various shapes. They’re also referred to as ‘box sections.

What Is Structural Steel Used For?

  • Steel staircases
  • Steel decking
  • Steel awnings & shelters
  • Steel mezzanines
  • Steel balustrades
  • Steel gazebos
  • Custom steel frames
  • Steel ladder fabrication
  • Steel handrails
  • Steel walkways and platforms

Prime Gold

We provide TMT bars, cement, ss water pipes as well as a variety of other structural steel products.

Do you need a wide variety of high-quality structural steel supplies for your commercial or residential construction project? Prime Gold is here to assist you. We are the top structural steel fabricators in India and we provide a comprehensive selection of structural steel products to local and national customers at pricing that will appeal to everyone who appreciates a good deal.

Prime Gold Group
Structural Steel

Structural Steel - FAQ’S

Yes, structural steel can be used for both residential and commercial construction purposes.

  1. Density. 
  2. Elastic Modulus. 
  3. Poisson’s Ratio.
  4. Tensile Strength. 
  5. Yield Strength. 
  6. Melting Point.

Carbon steel is used for Structural steel.

Structural steel is a versatile type of carbon steel. By weight, structural steel has a carbon content upto 2.1%.

Normal strength:

Yield stress is about 240 MPa, tensile strength about 360 MPa.

High strength:

Yield stress is about 340 MPa, tensile strength about 470 MPa.

Structural studs must have a minimum steel thickness (base steel) of no less than 0.033 inches.

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