Whether it’s a high-rise residential building or a single-story home, a facility designed to serve as a home should be secure and prepared to resist natural disasters. It is critical to construct a residential construction with meticulous design and high-quality materials. The ideal residential structure is one that provides a variety of amenities and conveniences for its residents while also offering enough safety in the event of large-scale disaster such as floods or earthquakes.

When constructing a residential construction, some important factors must be taken into account. During the planning, designing, and building phases, it is important to keep the terrain and geological characteristics of the area in mind. If the structure is to be located in a high seismic activity zone, such as zones III, IV, or V, adequate precautions should be implemented.

India has four seismic zones, according to the Bureau of Indian Standards [IS 1893 (Part I):2002]. Zones II, III, IV, and V are the four zones. Seismic activity is strongest in Zone V.

Zone V is the least densely populated. Zone V encompasses the whole north-eastern region of India, as well as regions of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, the Rann of Kutch in Gujarat, a portion of North Bihar, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Zone IV covers the remaining sections of J&k and Himachal Pradesh, the delhi ncr, Sikkim, Northern Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and West Bengal, parts of Gujarat, and minor areas of Mumbai towards the west coast and Rajasthan.

Zone III includes the states of Kerala, Goa, and the Lakshadweep Islands, as well as portions of Punjab, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Patna, Ranchi, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Madurai, and Karnataka.

Zone II encompasses the remainder of the country.

How to Protect home from earthquake:

  • If your building site is in a high seismic activity zone, there are techniques to safeguard your future house from the effects of an earthquake –– To ensure that the structure can survive seismic shocks, choose the highest quality materials. Good quality TMT steel bars are an essential component of high-quality building materials. It is recommended that you choose the proper grade of building TMT steel bars with high tensile strength. It offers additional strength, durability, and ductility, making it ideal for earthquake-prone locations. These characteristics let it to absorb the additional energy released during seismic activity, protecting the building from damage.
  • The structure’s design should conform with established criteria at the outset, as well as a measurement of the structure’s load bearing capability.
  • It’s also crucial to inspect the soil before beginning construction. The foundation is affected by the local soil and water conditions; thus building should be designed properly.
  • Adequately design and construct the drainage system. To preserve the flooring beneath the roof, the design must prevent water logging. Rainwater that collects on the roof must also be channelled into drains and away from the structure. It should not gather beneath the structure’s base to preserve the foundation from deterioration.
  • Another key component of this stage is reinforcement. The structure’s foundation and base should be constructed to resist extra movement during an earthquake.
  • Always guarantee that the structure is protected from moisture and other dangers that might compromise its structural integrity. Get specialists, legal, and recognised authorities to inspect the building’s infrastructure on a regular basis. Any damage or wear to the building’s pillars, walls, roofs, or beams should be repaired quickly to prevent jeopardising the structure’s overall strength.